Engines have come a long way from the valve system to modern day fuel injections systems. The influx in electric vehicle technology has completely eliminated the combustion engine. Some latest advancements in engine technology include
Hybrid is a combination of two power sources which involves normal petrol combustion engines. The electric motor helps the vehicle take off easily and can work on electric power alone. This significantly reduces fuel consumption. Companies such as Toyota, Lexus, BMW, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Land Rover offer hybrid models in Australia.
Direct Injections work by precisely spraying air and fuel directly in each cylinder. This new technology has significantly improved fuel economy for modern vehicles and the amount needed is measured and controlled. This is adapted in modern diesel and turbo diesel engines.
Variable Valve Timing
VVT is the most revolutionary technology in the field of engines; Variable Valve timing works by adjusting valve control to provide usable power throughout all the parts helping to reduce the emission and lower the fuel consumption for up to 7%
First introduced in the 1970s turbocharges is an essential component in improving efficiency, lowering fuel consumption and emissions. Turbocharging works by blowing air and fuel mixture into the engine using a fan driven by exhaust gas.
Electric Vehicle (EV)
Electric vehicles are gaining popularity, as they solely run of electric power just like a battery operated the device. The main benefit is that electric vehicles are battery operated and does not require fuel. Although many measures are being taken by the governments of various countries to cater to the needs of electric vehicles, there is still a long way to go.
Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine
A hydrogen internal combustion engine is the basically an electric vehicle which runs on hydrogen combustion engines. They retain a similar engine layout as a petrol engine only instead of using petrol hydrogen is used. This saves up about 20% more power and also hydrogen in clean for the environment, as it produces zero emissions. There is still a long way to go when it comes to hydrogen internal combustion engine.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell
Hydrogen fuel cells work like an electric vehicle. Here, hydrogen is used to create a chemical reaction which releases electricity. The best part about Hydrogen fuel cell technology is that it does not require recharging but needs hydrogen to run, which can become an issue. This is one of the most Eco-friendly methods of propulsion, as no emissions are created during the process.