The automobile industry has spurred massive changes in just a single century. As automobiles are getting more and more popular and available, it has blurred social class distinctions, expanded markets and simulates the economy. Even though automobiles have changed since the introduction, the pace is still increasing, especially related to advancements to compact negative impacts on the environment. We can see that there will be significant changes in the automobile industry in these particular areas
The shape of the car, especially the front, directly affects engine consumption as the vehicle moves. The design also plays a huge part in the speed of the car as increased speed gives additional lift by allowing airflow beneath the car, reducing traction and gives more stability during turns. This has to lead to improved streamlining, reducing the drag, lift and also the consumption of the vehicle.
The weight of the car affects the consumption of fuel during operations. The use of lightweight material and smaller engines reduces the average automobile weight. Using lightweight steel, aluminium, composite materials and also plastic as a way to reduce the crash effects
The Four-stroke internal combustion engine has been the primary power source automobiles. Due to the advancements in technology, we see that forced induction air, fuel injection, computer-adjusted fuel engine, etc, has increased engine efficiency and power. The use of hybrid is rapidly gaining popularity, but some of the pitfalls include
- Higher consumer price compared to traditional engine models
- Few service facility capable of servicing a hybrid
- Lack of knowledge among the consumer
- Increased fuel efficiency
- Idealises horsepower and highway speed
The automobile industry has always relied on gasoline for its fuel. Tetraethyl lead was used to provide resistance to self-ignition. Then it was replaced by ethanol, which is a renewable fuel blended with gasoline, which was also called flex fuel. Other fuels include Compressed natural gas, Electricity, Hydrogen
Roads and highways
The driver and the passenger safety has increased dramatically over the years through better design and use of automatically deploying airbags. Automatic high beam control of lights are standard, the night vision with automatic pedestrian detection will be standard in the years to come.